This report makes a comparative evaluation when it says that both primary and secondary sections in private schools have gradually taken over state schools in Rajasthan. On the other hand, enrolment in government schools has reduced to 52.2% in 2014 from around 75% in 2006 in the age group of 6-14 years. The decline to some extent is also attributed to the state government’s decision of merging over 17,990 schools leading to mass drop outs. Data says that in 2010, 41% students enrolled in private schools in classes I-VIII which increased to 42.1% in the year 2014.
The leading edge of private is a national phenomena with Kerela, Goa and Manipur being the three states that have close to 75% students in private schools. It was followed by India’s populous states Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Meghalaya with close to 60% students in private schools. K B Kothari, managing trustee of Pratham, said, “Private school enrolments are increasing due to poor quality of learning in many public schools. In the absence of qualified teachers, the students migrate to private schools which are more efficient than government ones.”
During the same period, government schools grew only 17.86% while private secondary schools rose to 93.78% between 2006-07 and 2012-13. Private secondary schools have 16.2 lakh students enrolled with them as against government schools r=that have registered enrolment of 8.5 lakh students in 2012-13. The figure was almost reversed in 2006-07 with government schools enrolling 11.8 lakh students while private schools admitted 81,000 students in the same year.
The fall in secondary schools both in enrolment and imparting education highlights the government’s failure. Some of the policy failures include non-conduction of continuous training for teachers to adapt the challenging curriculum. Moreover, schools require improved level of infrastructure which is missing in many government schools and most of the secondary schools were upgraded from elementary schools without making much change.